GLOSSARY OF TERMS

AGED

Materials made to appear antique.

BARS

A term used in southern France referring to slabs of rectangular limestone usually laid in a running bond pattern. Originally cut to uniform sizes in order to span the floor joists.

BASTIDE

A bastide is a local name for a manor house in Provence, in the south of France, located in the countryside or in a village, and originally occupied by a wealthy farmer. It was larger and more elegant than the farmhouse called a mas and was square or rectangular, with a tile roof, walls of stone sometimes covered with stucco or whitewashed, and often was built in a square around a courtyard. In the 19th and 20th centuries, many bastides were used as summer houses by wealthy citizens of Marseille.

BOUCHARD

The bouchard is a hammer with many points like a meat tenderizer and especially effective for finishing the surface of harder stones.

CHATEAU

A French castle or manor house.

CHAUMIERE

A French cottage or "petite maison".

DALLES

Square and rectangular stones laid in an opus romain, or seemingly random pattern.

FATTORIA

A term for a large farmer estate in and around Tuscany.

HERRINGBONE PATTERN

Setting rectangular tiles slanted to create a zigzag pattern.

MAS

Traditional farmhouse in the Provence region of France. A mas was a largely self-sufficient economic unit, which could produce its own fruit, vegetables, grain, milk, meat and even floor. Usually constructed of local stone, the kitchen and room for animals was on the ground floor, and bedrooms, storage places for food and often a room for raising silkworms on the upper floor. Not every farmhouse in Provence is a mas. A mas was distinct from the other traditional kind of house, the bastide, which was the home of a wealthy family.

NEWLY PLANKED

Wood planks which have been planked recently rather than centuries ago.

NEWLY QUARRIED

Stone which has been quarried recently rather than centuries ago.

OPUS ROMAIN PATTERN

Antique Roman pattern in which stones of varying square and rectangular sizes are laid.

PALACIO

Spanish term for palace or estate

PAREFEUILLE

Terracotta rectangular tiles originally used to line ceilings between beams, now reclaimed and also used for flooring.

PATINA

The natural aging of the stone surface through oxidation and other exposures that enhance the color and texture of the surface.

RUNNING BOND

Linear stone pattern, where stone of the same width are laid in a straight row.
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